Making money on a small farm is difficult. You can do this or that and sell a few dozen eggs or tomatoes but when you count the dollars very often you will find that you have spent more than you made. And that is if you are already on a farm. It is not practical in 2017 to purchase farm land, live there, and try to earn enough to pay for it. But if you are already on a farm and don’t have it over mortgaged, then maybe you can keep it going long enough to make it to the coming time of all things local. When that happens a small farm will have to invest more in security.
I have looked at livestock for several years now and am still convinced that a farmer with a couple dozen acres will not make money raising cattle. And sometimes the price of milk at the store is so low I can’t believe they will still have milk the next week. With what goes in to bringing a gallon of milk to the store, and it sells for less than fancy bottled water… better cut this rant off now! Pork, well I really don’t understand that. Around here though, I have seen a few Amish farms where they actually pasture pigs, will look into that some more. There are more obstacles to poultry than a small bird deserves but if you can develop a market there is still some little opportunity there.
Some thought the influx of immigrants that eat more sheep and goat would bolster that retail market, I haven’t seen much of that. The Muslims that visit our farm, for example, won’t or can’t pay a reasonable price and then want you to allow them to slaughter there at the farm. From what I can tell, they are buying less expensive imported lamb in many cases.
But still, pound for pound, sheep (and goats) have done best for us. We finally turned to the stockyards as a fairly consistent and predictable outlet for our lambs. The profit is not like that of retailing, but we have seen a big decline in that market here in Central Ohio. Stockyard sales must be understood like anything else though, and not all sheep or goats are valued equally. Primarily, they want meat animals, commercial breeds bringing the highest prices. I have found though, that while our Jacob crosses bring the lower bids, we have to put far less money and labor into them. I don’t even know what foot rot looks like. I have treated a handful of sheep for parasites over the years and never worry about lambing. I just go out to our humble shelters in the morning and count the lambs. I rely on our dogs to make sure nothing else is counting them as well. And best of all, we get two crops a year for the most part, something not generally seen for the commercial sheep producers.